Time Required:

5 minutes

Tools Required:

  • None

Chess Objective(s):

Students will be able to:

  • Compare straight lines and diagonal lines, which are important to queen, rook, and bishop movements

General Objective(s):

  • Improve gross motor skills
  • Enhance listening skills and focus


The instructor demonstrates the arm movements that match piece movements. First, explain and demonstrate the arm movements as outlined below. The children can do this with you.

  • Arms straight up in the air, instructor says “This is Arms Up!, which is straight like the rook’s movement.”
  • Arms straight out to the sides, instructor says “This is Arms Out!, which is straight like the rook’s movement.”
  • One arm angled up and one arm angled down, to form a diagonal line, instructor says “This is Arms Diagonal!, like the bishop’s movement.”
  • Put arms straight out at sides (Arms out!) which is straight (rooks’ movement). Put arms on angle left side up, right side down (Arms diagonal!) which is diagonal (bishop movement).”

After they learn the moves, call out the movement names in a pattern, slowly at first, then faster and faster. See how well they can follow you. This usually gets lots of giggles! After a few short rounds, you can give the children turns leading the arm movement calls.

Variation 1:

After they play for a bit, you can have them put their arms out, up, or diagonal, and ask whether a rook or bishop moves that way.

Description for Parents

The children learned how to make straight lines and diagonal lines with their bodies! The coach tied this to how bishops, rooks,and queens move.